The Cuban Rock Iguana, part of the family Iguana, is the largest species of all West Indian Iguanas. Being one of the most endangered with extinction groups of lizards on the planet, the Cuban Rock Iguana is also known as Cuban iguana and Cuban Ground Iguana. Like all of our iguanas for sale, our Cuban Rock iguana come with our full live arrival and 7 day health guarantee. We also offer other species of pet iguana for sale including Rhino Iguana, Blue Iguana, Green Iguana and Red Iguanas.
Cuban Rock Iguana for sale
Looking for the perfect baby cuban Rock iguana for sale? We’ve got some amazing captive bred and hand tamed baby cuban iguanas for sale.
Cuban Rock Iguana Size:
From snout to vent, adult Cuban iguanas are known to attain a total length of between 4 – 7 feet.
These lizards are sexually dimorphic, with females being significantly smaller in size than males. On their thighs, Cuban iguanas have enlarged femoral pore.
Colors of the Cuban Rock iguana for sale
The body coloration of males ranges from dark gray to brick red. Females’ body coloration is olive green, further marked with dark bands or stripes. While it is a common belief that the body coloration of these living dinosaurs tends to be mostly gray, there are some exceptionally colored individuals that may also exhibit a particular amount of blue coloring, too.
The limbs of males and females alike are colored in black, dotted with pale brown ovally-shaped spots, ending with feet that are solid and black in color.
With young Cuban rock iguanas, the body coloration is usually green or dark brown. Also, the body of the young Cuban ground iguana is characterized with faint dark striping (aka mottling), distributed in a total of five to ten diagonal bands. As iguanas age, these distinct transverse bands are to blend with the body coloration.
These lizards also possess skin that hangs below the neck (aka dewlap). A row of spines run down the back and all the way to the thick tail. With stout and short necks, and powerful jaw muscles, the teeth of Cuban iguanas are broad and quite solid. Cuban ground iguanas’ jowls are known to grow larger over time, covered in spiky protuberances.
In both sexes, a photosensory organ that looks like a lightly colored scale can be noticed. This photosensory organ is a pineal gland, also known as parietal eye, and commonly referred to as the “third eye.”
Even though the “third eye” cannot form images, being primarily used for thermoregulation, this organ can detect movement, and is extremely sensitive to both light and dark.
Types of Cuban Rock Iguana
Scientifically referred to as Cyclura nubila, the baby Cuban Rock Iguana is one of the totals of nine iguana species that are endemic to the large group of islands known as the West Indies.
All of the nine West Indian Iguana species belong to the Cyclura genus, and all are endangered. With a population that is considered to slightly exceed 40 000 lizards in the wild, the Cuban ground iguana is considered the most endangered of West Indies’ iguana species.
Endemic to the Grand Cayman Island, Cyclura lewisi once used to be widely spread throughout the island, inhabiting bothdry and coastal areas. However, nowadays, the Grand Cayman rock iguanas are exclusively found only in the area High Rock-Battle Hill, having fallen victim to both severe habitat loss and predation.
Cuban Iguana Habitat
Virtually all over the island of Cuba, Cuban Rock Iguanas live in distinct colonies, spanning across coastal areas, characterized by rocky, sandy beaches.
Apart from occupying the island of Cuba, these iguanas are also known to occupy hundreds of other small islands, as well as cays, located around the main island of Cuba.
Cuban Rock Iguana Lifespan
How long do Cuban Iguanas live? These incredible lizards have a fairly long lifespan, just like all Cyclura, and can live up to 60 – 70 years old. In captivity, these iguanas will easily live for well over 20 years, provided the proper care.
Cuban Rock Iguana for sale – Behavior
Usually, Cuban rock iguanas will remain still for fairly long periods of time. Due to their body mass, these lizards are known to have a slow lumbering gait. However, they are fully capable of fast bursts of speeds, yet only for short distances.
When they are still young, Cuban ground iguanas are much more arboreal, as compared with adults. Thanks to their great agility, the young are to climb the trees, seeking refuge away from potential predators.Both young Cuban iguanas and adults alike are able to swim well, although they will mostly take to nearby water only if they are to feel threatened.If these unique reptiles are to be cornered, they may lash their tails, and they can attempt to bite in defense.
Cuban Iguana Cage
With the size of Adult Cuban rock iguanas, you will have to provide an enclosure that measures at least 8 x 12 feet in length vs. 4 feet in width. If possible, do not hesitate to provide the lizard with a larger enclosure, as the dimensions listed above are the bare minimum.
- Cuban iguanas should be provided a cage tall enough to accommodate shelving used for creating visual barriers, and/or for proper basking, even though adults are not as arboreal as young iguanas. As a rule of thumb, the enclosure should best measure about 5 – 6 feet in height.
- Provide the reptile with some sort of retreat, whether it be commercial-grade or a DIY one, covering the bottom with a suitable substrate, such as a combination of sand and potting soil with a depth of 18 inches. The retreat can also serve the purpose of a safe and cozy sleeping spot.The retreat should be at least 2 feet tall x 2 feet wide x 4 feet in length, featuring a hinged lid, as well as an appropriately-sized entrance hole that is located near to the very top and is slightly larger than the widest points of the Cuban iguana’s body.
- For housing baby to yearling Cuban iguanas, an enclosure that measures 4 x 2 x 2 (length x height x width) will do just fine.
Warm retreat for outdoor enclosures: Tips
The retreat can be something as simple as a DIY box or a readily-available dog house, with a door cutout and a pig blanket hooked up to a thermostat. The pig blanket must not cover the entire floor, though, as the lizard has to be allowed to cool off as needed. Alternatively, a 100-watt light bulb can make an excellent source of overnight heat.
Do note that if temperatures outside are to get in the 50 degrees Fahrenheit range (or below), it is best to close the door of the warm retreat, so that you can fully prevent the iguana from getting out in the cold, yet it is a better idea to keep the door open if the temperatures are above 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Cuban Rock Iguana Substrate
- For hatchlings, we use alfalfa pellets (commonly sold as rabbit food), will work great, since even in the case of being accidentally swallowed, no blockage will be caused.
- For adult Cuban rock iguanas, the substrate can vary, so the choice is a matter of personal preferences. Sand can do great, and so can cypress mulch. Also, if you do not mind more of an unattractive, simple terrarium, the newspaper is definitely the easiest type of substrate to maintain, and it is also the most affordable.
Cuban Rock Iguana Temperature, Lighting & Humidity
- As a general rule of thumb, both hatchlings and adults have exactly the same heat requirements, with heat being an extremely important factor in ensuring the well-being and health of these strictly diurnal, basking-loving reptiles.
- In the basking site, keep the temperatures at a minimum of 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Even though hatchlings and adults alike share the same heat requirements, adults need several heat lamps to be utilized by the caregiver, while hatchlings will suffice with a single heat lamp.
The reason why adults require several heat lamps is that if the keeper is to make use of a single light in order to heat a large adult lizard properly, it is mostly the case that the reptile is to typically bask right under the light so much as to end up with severe burns. One single light is not enough to possibly heat the entire adult lizard adequately since the reptile is to feel the warmth without being able to realize that it is actually being burnt.
4. Throughout the day, the temperature at the cool end of the enclosure should not exceed 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Instead, the ambient temperatures should be maintained in the high 70 degrees Fahrenheit range to the low 80 degrees Fahrenheit range.
5. It is good to keep in mind that Cuban rock iguanas are able to withstand cold temperatures quite well, as long as these temperatures are reasonably cold, though, usually not below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
6. For hatchlings, providing a 24 – 36 fluorescent high UVB output light will work just fine. For larger adults, though, it is best to consider opting for mercury vapor lamps. Mercury vapor lamps (aka MVB light) work as a suitable all-in-one basking and UVB source.
7. To understand better the light requirements of Cuban rock iguanas, all you have to keep in mind is that these lizards cannot possibly sit in the exact same temperature all day. Instead, they thrive when having plenty of temperature options to choose from, so the proper lighting within the enclosure is all about the good assortment of temperature options.
One way to ensure that you Cuban rock iguana will have more temperature options to choose from is to give different levels of basking, by strategically positioning some of the basking platforms, such as rocks, further away from the light, while positioning others closer to the light source. Thanks to being able to choose from different basking elevations, the lizard will set its own body temperature, so to say, and this is the shortcut to enjoying a happy, healthy Cuban rock iguana pet.
8. Provide your Cuban iguana pet with a normal day-night light cycle by keeping the lights ON for 12 hours vs. OFF for 12 hours.
Cuban Iguana Diet
Cuban Rock Iguanas are primarily herbivorous. The major part of their diet in the wild (about 95%) consists of various native fruits, leaves, and flowers, consisting of as many as about 30 plant species found in their natural range, such as red mangrove, thistle, prickly pear, black mangrove, seaside rock shrub, olive, as well as a wide assortment of grasses.
Although only occasionally, Cuban rock iguanas are also known to feed on animal matter, consisting of the corpses of fish, birds, and crabs.
Cuban Rock Iguana for sale – Eating Habits
1. Note that because of being primarily herbivorous (over 95%), Cuban iguanas need to eat significantly higher amounts of food to have their nutritional requirements satisfied, as compared with just about any carnivorous lizard. It is best to limit the protein in the young iguana’s diet to about 5%, while with adults, protein should best make up for as little as 2%.
2. Captive Cuban iguanas should be fed with a vast array of yellow and green vegetables/vegetation, including but not limited to dandelions, green beans, collards, romaine lettuce, carrots, sweet potatoes, and squash. Greens, such as endive, book choy, parsley, escarole, collard, etc. should ideally make up for about 80% of the diet, while vegetables should make up for about 20% of the diet.
Be careful with the following Cuban Iguana foods:
Kale, broccoli, and spinach must only be provided up to once a week (or even once every 10 – 14 days). These vegetables must not be fed as a steady diet as they bind calcium; thus, depleting calcium stores in the lizard pet’s body.
3. Cuban rock iguanas will eagerly and gladly feast on small rodents and insects alike. However, both of these food items must only be fed once a month. If a Cuban iguana’s diet is protein-heavy, this will inevitably lead to damaging the kidneys over time, and in extreme cases, renal failure may occur. However, juveniles can take rodents/insects about once every week.
4. Apart from feeding fresh, organic vegetables, commercial-grade Mazuri Iguana Diet will also work great.
5. Feed adult Cuban rock iguanas as much food as they can eat, about 3 and up to 4 times every week. One smart way to determine the amount of food to offer per serving with the example feeding routine of 3-4 days a week is to provide about one handful of food per adult Cuban iguana. In the wild, Cuban iguanas are known to be opportunistic feeders, meaning that they really do not eat every single day. If an insect or delicious vegetation is to come across their way, they will eat it, but if not, they will be just fine regardless. With that being said, there really isn’t an ultimate feeding schedule that is set in stone for these lizard pets. Some caregivers feed very small amounts of food on a daily basis, while others give large amounts of food only twice a week, so simply take the time to see what works best with your pet.
6. It is fine to feed fruits (e.g. apples, strawberries, mangoes, figs, papaya, and bananas) but only occasionally, as treats, and best to be fed when you want to reward your iguana pet or to make it come to you, for example, while teaching the lizard to come when called by name.
Cuban Rock Iguana Sleeping Habits
Cuban rock iguanas do not hibernate. These lizards are strictly diurnal, and so they will only feed and bask in the daytime.
As a rule of thumb, the water requirements of Cuban rock iguanas are minimal, since these lizards are known to thrive in xeric areas in the wild.They get the needed amount of hydration from the food they consume.
Neither young nor mature Cuban rock iguanas require to be extensively soaked in water, yet giving them a brief water bath is a good idea. Also, it is recommended to occasionally mist them, and especially when it comes to juveniles.
Regardless of their minimal water requirements, the caregiver must ensure to provide a water bowl available at all times for captive Cuban ground iguanas.
Development and Reproduction
Cuban rock iguanas reach sexual maturity between 4 – 6 years of age. During the breeding season, males will secrete waxy, skinny candle-like exudates, dragging their hind legs and using these exudates to mark their territory.
If the mating is successful, females are to lay their eggs in a nest, with baby Cuban rock iguanas about to hatch in between 60 – 67 days.
Neonate Cuban ground iguanas are about 12 inches in length.
How to Breed
1. Breeding Cuban rock iguanas is a relatively easy process. First, the breeder needs to acquire a compatible pair of adult Cuban rock iguanas that have reached sexual maturity, which usually happens as these lizards become 4 – 6 years old, attaining a length of at least 3 – 4 feet.
2. As a rule of thumb, it is best to keep a pair of male and female Cuban rock iguanas together all year-round, as this greatly increases the chances of successful breeding, since there is some evidence about these lizards’ pairs forming strong bonds.
3. The breeding enclosure should measure at least 12 feet in length x 4 feet in width x 6 feet in height.
4. The breeding enclosure should also provide a night retreat (this can also double up as a nesting box), visual barriers, and large basking spots where the entire length of the lizard can be comfortably accommodated.
Breeding Cuban Iguanas
Meanwhile, the visual barriers will also give the female the opportunity to hide for a while, away from the male’s sight, to get some rest.
5. In males, spermatogenesis occurs throughout the last week of March and lasts up until the beginning of June. This is the time to start a courtship, keeping in mind that due to high testosterone levels, even tame males may attempt to bite.
6. The courtship typically begins with the male looking at the female, and then doing several rapid head bobs with mouth open. Next, the female is to usually run away, while the male is to chase her until he succeeds in catching her.
7. You can tell that copulation has begun by noticing the male biting the female’s nape and then twisting his body underneath hers. If the male is to grab the female in a rather harsh, aggressive manner, it is best to avoid separating them, as doing so will only make the male much more aggressive in his further breeding attempts, potentially causing harm to the female as a result.
8. Copulation can sometimes occur many times, followed by the female searching for an appropriate nesting site. A nesting box that is at least 4ft. long x 2ft. wide x 2ft. tall should be provided. Near to the hinged top of the nesting box, an entrance hole that is a bit larger than the female at her widest point should be cut out.
9. The nesting box should be filled with 18 inched deep nesting soil allowing the female to burrow, for example, a combination of sand and potting soil.
10. About 7 and up to 14 days prior to egg deposition, the female is to dig test holes in the nesting box, until she finally gets to deposit between 4 and up to 18 eggs (the number depends on the female’s age and size).
11. The breeder can tell that egg deposition has successfully taken place by the once large-bellied female lizard appearing emaciated. Also, once they have deposited the eggs, females will attack the male, and in fact, may also attack the breeder when he/she is to attempt to approach the nesting box.
12. Secure the female using a large fishnet, and collect the eggs. Mark the top of the egg so that you can position it the same way as found in the nest.
13. Eggs need adequate humidity but must not be kept wet. Incubate the eggs at between 86 – 89 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the babies pip, allow them to emerge by themselves as to take the time to fully absorb the egg yolk. Offer food 7 to 10 days after hatching.
Handling your Cuban Rock Iguana for sale
1. As a rule of thumb, every time the caregiver is to attempt to pick up a hatchling Cuban rock iguana, the lizard will perceive this as a severe threat, thinking that it is going to be killed and then eaten by a predator, based on its natural instincts.
With this in mind, the best way to tame a Cuban ground iguana is to first and foremost allow the animal to get better used to its new environment without stressing it out. Next, the caregiver wants to allow the iguana to come to him/her overtime, marking the beginning of a strong, beautiful bond that can last for a lifetime, provided patience and respect towards the reptile are practiced at all times.
2. Do note that newly acquired Cuban rock iguanas will typically even refuse to eat in the caregiver’s presence at first, that’s how shy and nervous they are before getting well-used to the keeper, as well as to the enclosure. This period shall pass, though, as, over time, the iguana will start to associate the caregiver with food, and hence, with positive interaction. As soon as this happens, half the battle to establishing a strong bond and getting able to handle the iguana is already won!
3. Expect for the Cuban rock iguana to become better-used, and significantly calmer in your presence, gladly approaching you without any fear, when the lizard is about 2 -3 years old, and about 2 -3 feet in length. It is good to know that the smaller the Cuban iguana, the more hyper the lizard is, gradually becoming more personable as it grows.
4. The Cuban Rock Iguana is known to be one of the easiest of all Cyclura species to tame. Therefore, if the caregiver has done his/her job well, the lizard pet is sure to become very personable, inquisitive, and friendly, making up for an extremely rewarding relationship between the keeper and the pet.
5. Regardless of how amazingly tame, friendly, and tolerant of handling a Cuban Rock Iguana pet can become over time, the caregiver must always remember that these lizards’ bite is fully capable of severing a toe or finger in the blink of an eye.
Whenever one is to handle large, and especially angry Cuban ground iguanas, utmost caution and care must be applied to prevent any possible bites. For this purpose, wear leathery gloves while grabbing the lizard only from behind the head, securing the hind legs at the same time, since the claws on the hind legs are much more likely to cause potential harm, rather than the front legs’ claws.
Other Important care tips:
Remember that utilizing UVB lights for indoor enclosures is an absolute must since these lizards require UVB light in order to create Vitamin D3, which then metabolizes into calcium, ensuring strong bones. Providing calcium supplement once a week is also crucial to keep your Cuban rock iguana in perfect health.
Possible Dangers to Humans
Cuban Rock iguanas are not aggressive, and they do not have any venom. Given the proper care, and provided the caregiver is to always wash hands thoroughly with soapy, hot water, after handling the lizard, as well as after cleaning the enclosure, no serious threats to humans’ health are posed by these beautiful living creatures.
However, the small, sharp teeth of Cuban rock iguanas are fully capable of tearing human skin severely. Although these lizards will only attempt to bite when they are to feel severely threatened or otherwise cornered, usually also lashing the tail in defense, it is a must not underestimate their bite power.
Availability: How to Get a Cuban Rock Iguana for sale?
Because of being listed as a threatened species on the IUCN Red List, considered “vulnerable” to getting extinct, mainly because of rapid habitat loss, it is best to acquire a Cuban rock iguana from reputable breeders and to avoid opting for wild-caught specimens.
Stimulating the export of these amazing lizards from their natural habitat for the pet trade is certainly to further contribute to the decline of their already endangered populations in the wild.
Fortunately, the captive breeding of these lizards is especially successful, so obtaining a healthy Cuban rock iguana from various reputable vendors is not difficult to achieve nowadays.
Are Cuban Iguanas Good Pets?
Yes, Cuban rock iguanas can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to put the time and care into ensuring their captive care requirements, as these lizards are very tame, friendly, and nonetheless, they do possess an impressive appearance.
Can Cuban Rock Iguanas Swim?
Yes, Cuban rock iguanas can swim very well, although they will only do so if the need arises. While not considered marine iguanas, these lizards are adept at surviving possible floods and hurricanes by being able to spend long periods of time both in, as well as underwater.
Do Cuban Rock Iguanas Recognize their Owner?
Yes, Cuban iguanas can recognize their owners. These lizards can recognize their owner by sight, as well as by sound, as they can hear very well, too.
How Long Do Cuban Rock Iguanas Live?
Cuban rock iguanas can live for well over 20 years, and in fact, they are known to be capable of reaching an impressive age of between 60 and 70 years old.
Do Cuban Rock Iguanas Enjoy Being Handled?
While it takes some time to tame baby Cuban rock iguanas, especially since babies are more nervous when interacting with their caregiver, as compared with adults, these lizards do tolerate being handled very well. Mature Cuban rock iguanas can become very docile, and sweetly lazy creatures, enjoying to sometimes climb on their owner, too. Here at CB We handle our iggies early and often!
Hatchling, juvenile, young adult